30 May Treatment for Rosacea
The word Rosacea means, ‘red as a rose’ and is often characterised by inflammation of the skin on the face, causing spots, redness and flushing. This chronic condition means Rosacea sufferers have good days and bad days, given that flare-ups are erratic and often unpredictable.
Despite the fact that Rosacea is a common condition, it’s poorly understood. This long-term skin condition mainly affects the face and although it can be controlled to some degree with long-term treatment, the physical appearance can often have a significant psychological impact on those suffering with it.
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, although there are a number of possible factors that have been suggested, including abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face and a reaction to microscopic mites commonly found on the face.
While the exact cause isn’t known, there are often ‘triggers’ that can cause an episode of Rosacea, these common triggers can include;
- Exposure to sunlight
- Strenuous exercise
- Changes in weather (hot or cold)
- Hot drinks
- Alcohol and caffeine
- Certain foods, such as spicy foods
Episodes of flushing are usually one of the first symptoms associated with the condition, this means the skin turns red for a short period of time, but as the condition progresses, other symptoms can develop over time, these include;
- Stinging or/ and burning sensations
- Permanent redness
- Spots (papules and pustules)
- Small blood vessels in the skin becoming visible
Rosacea is a relapsing condition, it means there are periods when symptoms are particularly bad and other times they can be a lot less severe.
As there is currently no cure for Rosacea, treatment for Rosacea often aims to control the symptoms.
With many patients, long-term treatment is usually necessary, although there may be periods when your symptoms improve and you can stop treatment temporarily.
The severity and subtype of rosacea determine the treatment that is offered. Treatment for Rosacea can include:
- Antibiotic creams/gels and ointments
- Anti-inflammatory therapies
- Oral antibiotics
- Laser treatments
- Oral retinoids
Laser treatment is a great option for patients that have visible blood vessels. Laser treatments can be used to shrink these veins without harming the surrounding skin.
The best laser treatment for rosacea is the pulsed dye laser.
Pulsed dye laser treatment emits a beam of light aimed at the visible red blood vessels in the skin to shrink them and make them less visible. There is emerging evidence that pulsed dye laser is also effective in reducing the severity of flushing.